Jinhae-gun Port Town, a planned city created by Japanese imperialism, retains the traces and memories of modern times - Changwon, Gyeongnam, South Korea
Jinhae-gun Port Town, a planned city created by Japanese imperialism, retains the traces and memories of modern times
Changwon, Gyeongnam, South Korea
In 1926, during the Japanese colonial rule, Jinhae Station (Registered Cultural Festival No. 192) was established. After the Japanese imperialism, which discovered the geographical importance of Jinhae Bay early on, developed Jinhae as a military port city, it was intended to connect the railway between Jinhae Port and the inland. Jinhae Station had a painful time handling Japanese and military supplies. After the independence, it was used as a major route for the logistics required for passengers as well as national defense. Passenger handling was suspended due to lack of demand in 2015, but the history of local history during the Japanese occupation period remains intact and is being managed as a modern cultural heritage. The journey of Jinhae's modern cultural heritage starts at Jinhae Station and tours around Jungwon Rotary, about 500 meters south.
Modern cultural heritage on a radial eight-pronged road
Jungwon Rotary is eight-pronged in the radial direction along the grass square. In 1912, Japanese imperialism was created to make it a military port city and a planned city in Korea on a wide, oily field called 'Jungpyeong Handeul'. In the process, the natives were forced out, and the newly formed city was left entirely Japanese. This is the reason why Japanese-style modern buildings are crowded around Jungwon Rotary.
The travel route is counterclockwise with the 'culture space black and white' as seen from the northwest of Jungwon Rotary. Black and white, as its name suggests, has a sharp contrast between white walls, black window frames, and front door frames. It was a classic music cafe opened in 1952 under the name 'Kalmen'. The Black & White Cafe was loved as a cultural center in Jinhae, where there were no cultural spaces deserved at the time by holding music appreciation and art exhibitions. Currently, it is being used as a civil cultural space by holding regular concerts.
Cultural space black and white view
Jinhae-gun Port Village History Museum is located in the back of the black and white. The two-story Jeoksan house has been remodeled to display modern historical data of Jinhae. Inside, a picture of Jinhae in the 1920s was filled with walls. The city was created in accordance with the interests of Japanese imperialism, but at the time it was a neatly organized modern city.
Jinhae-gun Port Village History Hall 2nd floor
Other exhibitions include Nampo lamps (lamp lamps), hand sewing machines, modern daily necessities, pictures of modern buildings, and fighter models suspended from roof structures. The fighter was an American bomber that dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. In front of Jinhae-gun Port Village History Museum is Marksa Street. Since Jinhae is a city of military port, it is a place where mark companies that put marks and name tags on the soldier's military uniforms are gathered together.
Panoramic view of Maksa Street Park
The three-story building with a red roof on the southwest side of Jungwon Rotary is the Suyang Hall.
The roof is pointed, so it is called a 'pointed house' or 'octagonal'. It is actually a hexagonal pavilion. It was said to have been used as a Japanese military guard and fairy during the Japanese occupation.
The roof is pointed, so it is also called a 'pointed house'
Across the street from Suyang Hall, Wonhaeru (formerly Yeonghaeru) is located. It is a Chinese restaurant opened in 1956 by Chul-Hyun Jang, a former Chinese soldier who was a prisoner of UN forces during the Korean War. It is famous for the place where former President Syngman Rhee and former Taiwanese President Chiang Kai-shek ate after the meeting.
Wonhaeru panoramic view
In the 1980s, the current owner took over Younghaeru and changed it to Wonhaeru. Of the two signs on the front of the building, the upper part would be Younghaeru and the lower one would be wanted. The sign of Yeonghaeru is also the first letter of the original letter, which was changed by operating it as Wonhaeru. If you look closely, you can see the difference between the letters next to it.
Old signboard and present signboard are hanging together
Jinhae-gun Port Town Landmark Jinhae Post Office to Viewing Point Jinhae Pagoda
The Jinhae Post Office (Historical Site No. 291) is a Russian-style building that stands out from the Jungwon Rotary. It was said to have been influenced by the Russian consulate in Masan near Jinhae. Columns with entasis (belly shedding) on both sides of the front entrance create an imposing impression.
Jinhae Post Office
The semi-circular roofs and skylights on both sides of the building enhance the overall molding beauty. During the end of the Pacific War, the Japanese colonized the copper plates and copper used in the roofs and railings of the Jinhae Post Office to cover the resources to produce weapons.
Panoramic view of jade
If you go down the street on the left side of the Jinhae Post Office, you will see a multi-purpose building built by the Japanese colonial ruler. It has a long elongated shape and is called 'Jangok (長 屋)'.
The second floor revealing the high-quality aspect of jadeite
It is a form in which six different houses are attached to each other. The first floor is used as a mall, and the second floor is used as a house. Compared to the modern shopping street opposite, it feels like different time zones coexist.
Jangok Street of Cherry Blossom Day
Behind Jangok is the Jinhae Yohangbu Hospital Head Officer (Registered Cultural Property No. 193). It is a Japanese single-story wooden house with a front door protruding in the shape of an 'A'. The value is recognized because it is kept almost circular.
Seonhak Gomtang Main Gate
Currently, it is operated as a restaurant called Seonhak Gomtang.
Representative menu of Seonhak Gomtang Gomtang
Inside the house, there are plenty of things to see, such as a gramophone, wall clock, and old-fashioned ornaments, and the garden is decorated outside.
Seonhak Gomtang Garden where you can appreciate bonsai and chief
In addition to this, it is worth stopping by at the outskirts of Guchungui-dong. It is a Japanese-style tenement house with four houses side by side. During the Japanese colonial period, it was a castle named Cheongru, and maintained its original shape relatively well.
The last stop on the trip to Jinhae-gun Port Village is the Emperor Park, located on the east side of Jungwon Rotary. This is a place where you can overlook the aspect of Jinhae-gun Port Village. You can easily climb the monorail car to the summit of Emperor Mountain.
Monorail Car at Emperor Mountain Park
At the top of the park is a 9-story Jinhae Tower that stands tall against the sky. Originally, there was a Victory Monument built by Japanese imperialism in commemoration of the victory of the Russo-Japanese War. The Jinhae Tower is modeled after the warship mast (a pillar erected perpendicular to the deck on the hull center line).
Jinhae View Point Jinhae Tower
When you climb to the observatory on the 7th floor, the city of Jinhae spreads out around the radial mid-century rotary. The sea is seen far away, reminding that Jinhae is a marine city. You can organize your appreciation of the itinerary by looking at Jinhae city, which is in harmony with the cool natural scenery.
A panoramic view of Jinhae from the Jinhae Tower Observatory
At the Changwon City Jinhae Museum on the 2nd floor, you can view exhibits by theme such as Jinhaesa Temple, Jinhaegun Port Construction, and modern city life.
If you are planning a trip to Jinhae-gun Port Village in the sunny spring, don't miss the cherry blossom season. The town of Cherry Blossoms is a true road, and it is a modern building and is surrounded by Yoshino cherry trees. Enjoying cherry blossom viewing and meeting modern cultural heritage is a one-and-two-trip trip.
Inside Changwon City Jinhae Museum
Jinhae-gun Port Village
-Inquiries: Tourism Division, Changwon City 055-225-3691
※ The above information was updated in March 2018, and may be changed later, so please check before you travel.
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