Every Corner of Korea

How did the rich in the Joseon Dynasty live? Yangnam mountain range of Yeongnam rich man 'Gyeongju richest & deepest in Cheongsong' - Gyeongju, Gyeongbuk, Korea

Deokcheon Village from the back mountain of Songjeong Gotaek

How did the rich in the Joseon Dynasty live? Yangnam mountain range of Yeongnam rich man 'Gyeongju richest & deepest in Cheongsong'

Gyeongju, Gyeongbuk, Korea

In the Joseon Dynasty, the rich man (in Yeongnam Province) was called 'Manseokman'. I'm a full-timer. Grain Bay is a horse that is rich with rice fields that are about to be harvested. Stones and islands can be viewed in the same unit. Even if it is not necessarily full, it means that it is rich. As a modern person living in the age of cash, I wonder. How rich is it now? For easy calculation, let's hit an island of rice with a bale. One bale weighs 80 kg. Currently, if the price of rice is about 20,000 won at about 20 kg, one bale is 200,000 won. It is 200,000 won on an island, so if it is an island, it is 2 billion won. If one island of rice (180 liters) is hit with two bales, the value is even higher. In other words, when converting Manseok-man in modern times, it means the rich with the lowest annual income of over 2 billion won. Manseokman is so rich in radishes, and the mind that looked a little shallow disappears like snow in the spring sun.

According to Man Seok-man, the annual salary, it is almost 100 times the amount of workers now. Moreover, given that it was a time when even eating full was considered a luxury, 'Manseokman' would have been very rich. If you dare to compare, it might be the total number of large companies now. I'm curious about this. Where and how did the rich people live in the old days? Why don't we visit the residence of the sign that represents Yeongnam in the Joseon Dynasty, the richest of the Gyeongju and the deepest of Cheongsong, and examine the living spaces of those who were considered the richest of the Joseon Dynasty?

Mr. Choi's oldest residence in Gyeongju Gyodong

Gyeongju is often known only as the royal family of Silla. Since it was the only capital of Silla for a thousand years, it is also true that Gyeongju and Silla cannot be separated. However, Gyeongju does not have only Silla. Since the millennium of Silla, a new millennium has been lived in 'Koryo', 'Chosun' and 'South Korea', so Gyeongju has a longer time in other eras than 'Silla'. Of course, the aura of Gyeongju, which occupied the 'Kingdom' all the time during the Han Dynasty, is clearly different from the 'Gyeongju', which was chosen by other times.

The top gate of Gyeongju's richest sock is low and modest.

Gyeongju, which we will look at today, is Choi's old house in Gyo-dong, Gyeongju. It is a space more famous as 'Gyeongju Choibujapjija' than real name. Gyeongju Choi Bu-jak, who is considered to be the representative of Yeongnam Manseok-gun along with Cheongsong's rich man, is famous for being 'the rich man who has been in his twenties for over 300 years,' but it is more meaningful in that he practiced 'Noblesse Oblige'. Let's go to Gyeongju Gyodong.

Inside the richest house from the Sarangchae
It is known that the space where Choi's closet, Gyeongju Choi's rich house is located, was the site of Yoseokgung Palace, the residence of Yoseok Princess in the Silla period. It was said to have been built around 1700 and maintained wealth for over 300 years in 12 generations. It was built in ninety-nine squares, but in 1970, Sarangchae and Byeoldang were burned down. Still, it has great value because it preserves the original form of the Joseon Dynasty.
Sarangchae was restored in 2006.
The Gyeongju Gyodong Beopju, Gyeongju Hyanggyo, and Gyeongju Gyochon Village, which opened in January 2013, are located nearby. Gyo-dong was the center of traditional Confucian education, as well as the home of the wealthiest and the home of Silla's nationality, Goryeo, and Joseon.
Anchae was the residence of the girls
When you enter Gyeongju's richest family, the 'Teaching of the richest family' greets people. `` Look at the past, but do not crush more than the shrine '' `` Give back to society for more than 10,000 seats '' `` Don't increase the land in the midst of menopause '' Treat hospitality generously '' 'Yuk-hun', a daughter-in-law's daughter-in-law who wears cotton clothes for three years, stands out. It seems that they know a little why the rich have been in their twenties because it is difficult for them to go. If they were dead, would they have been in line to become the wealthiest farmers?
Choi Bu-jak Warehouse, which has been in 12 generations for 300 years
They practiced 'Noblesse Oblige' by succeeding in generations and building wealth. But why did the richest man end in twelve? Let's listen to the story of Choi Bu-jak, who is told for a moment.
Commentator explaining Choi Bu-jak's warehouse
One of the richest is Choi Jinlip. The 2nd Choi Dong-ryang inherits a lot of property and purchases large land. And after that, Choi Kuk-sun, who was unable to pay for the farmers to borrow the rice after a bad harvest, destroyed all of the mortgage documents in front of his son and gave them to the beggars. When you are hungry, give 100 rice.
The girls peeked out through the hole in the wall.
Was it because of the good deeds of the richest man who said, 'Let there be no one who is starving in white berry'? Even in the flames of the living party, Choi Bu-jak survives. However, when he reached the twelveth-century Choi Jun and took the country to Japan, he gave his wealth to the independent funding with the belief that there would be no rich without a country. After independence, donate all the wealth to the education project. That is why the richest man ended in his twenties and 300 years.
Anchae and shrine are located behind the big Sarangchae house
Unfortunately, it is not possible to stay in Gyeongju's richest home. It is not yet clear whether or not to stay in Gyochon village in Gyeongju, where various experience programs including Korean traditional music experience are prepared. First, let's be satisfied by looking around. It's safe to just draw a picture of the grain that filled the large space and give it to the hungry neighbors. Now, it is a difficult scene to see in the space where descendants live.
Gyo-dong Beopju, known as Gayangju in Gyeongju Choi's family
As a side note, Choi Yun, the younger brother of the last richest child, Choi Joon, met his daughter, the daughter of Cheongsong's rich family, as his wife. Currently, Chairman Su-Hyun Kim of the Korea Traditional Culture Agency is their granddaughter. If you really want to experience the old house in Gyeongju, you can use Suojae (054-748-1310) in Baeban-dong, located 10 minutes away by car from the oldest house.
Gyeongju Gyochon Village in Gyo-dong, the home of the richest
Song So-taek, a deep-stayed person in Cheongsong ... Both accommodation and observation
The space where deep-hearted people in Cheongsong stayed is more famous as 'Songso Old House'. You may have heard about it once. Since 2002, there have been many people who visited while visiting the old house experience facility. In 2011, it was selected as the 'Star of Korean Tourism'.
The mouth that will fill the lower neck warmly
It is only an hour and a half from the Seoan-dong IC on National Road 35 and Local Road 914. On the road to Cheongsong, you can notice that this town is a remote area in Yeongnam. I wonder how this sign lived in these hills.
The fire burns the chimney and sterilizes the whole house.
Cheongsong Simbu Pine Nut House is located in Deokcheon Village, Pacheon-myeon. Thanks to this, it is also called 'Dukcheon-dong's Deep-Duty House'. In addition to the Songso old house, there are many old houses, such as the Songjeong old house and the Bangjonggong house, so if you look down from the hill behind the Songjeong old house, the old houses unfold. Thanks to this, Deokcheon Village was listed as Slow City in 2011.
Soaring Gate with almost no chin
It is said that Cheongsong's rich bakery produced 20,000 stone workers in nine generations from Shimcheong University to the 1960s. It is 'the house where the sun of the Joseon Dynasty does not go down', saying that even if you go anywhere in the Joseon Dynasty, there is enough land for you. The deep-hearted person in Cheongsong is the prestigious 'Cheongsong Sim', the Joseon dynasty. Throughout the Joseon Dynasty, 13 Jeongseung, 3 Queen and 4 Buma were produced.
When you pass through the gate, you face the big Sarangchae in front.
Now, let's take a look at Song So-taek, the famous prodigy. Song So-taek was built in 1880 (17th year of King Gojong) by Song-so Shim Ho-taek, the seventh grandson of Simcheo University, a man-in-law during the Joseon Dynasty.
Inside of Anchae with Jangdokdae
The Joseon Dynasty, which was a strong social status society, limited the size of the saga to less than ninety-nine, excluding palaces, according to the law. If only one pillar is added to the ninety-nine squares, there are no palaces and chalices. Song So-taek is ninety-nine. The largest house allowed in Saga.
The raving sound of the bamboo caught the intruder.
The starting point of Song So-taek, the towering towering tower is proud of the greatness of the Daegat house. The story continues through Haengrangchae where Haengrang Abum and Gilson stayed.
From Sotdaemun Gate, pass through Sarangchae and go to Anchae
It is a wall built between a large Sarangchae and Anchae, which is purposefully made so that it cannot be easily seen from Sarangchae when girls and women living in the Anchae pass through the gate. You can get a glimpse of the life of a woman in a unique Confucian society and the Joseon Dynasty.
The girls looked out through the hole.
In Anchae, the hostess and children stayed. In the large Sarangchae, the outside man was staying, but there is a slight difference in the floor height of the space where the grandfather, father, and son stayed. A smirkful laugh is mingled with the cough of the alumni who were 'hem' in the story of 툇 maru, a thankful means to move from Sarangchae to Anchae.
Soongdaemun, seen from Sarangchae, the deepest pine house in Cheongsong
The situation at the time of Confucian society is drawn. Also add a small hole in the fence of the main building. It's a 'breath hole' for girls. Through this, I watched the outside world. After passing through the side door of Sarangchae, a villa appears. This is the space where my daughter's time to marry was staying.
The ridge that connects Sarangchae and Anchae

Although the day is cold, after looking around the Songso old house, I dream of 'one night at the old house'. Lying on a warm lower throat, passing through Sotdaedaemun, seeing Sarangchae, and looking around Anchae and taking a round to the villa, the ninety-nine houses of the richest in the Joseon Dynasty are drawn at a glance. It's a bonus to imagine as if you were rich at the time. You can visit the old house without staying.

The condominium where the daughter of a married woman stayed
Travel information

- Gyeongju -

1.Nearby Restaurants

Choi... / Gyo-dong, Gyo-dong, Gyeongju-si / 054-775-7557
Hwangnam Millstone Sundubu / 155 Hwangnam-dong, Gyeongju-si / 054-771-7171
Sampo Ssambap / 90-2 Hwangnam-dong, Gyeongju-si / 054-749-5776
Hwangnam Bread / Hwang O-dong, Gyeongju / 054-749-5599
Lee Pung-nyeo Gussam Rice / Hwangnam-dong, Gyeongju-si / 054-749-0600


Suojae (Town house experience) / 217 Baeban-dong, Gyeongju-si / 054-748-1310
Tohamsan Natural Recreation Forest / Yangbuk-myeon, Gyeongju-si / 054-772-1254
Gyeongju Hilton Hotel / Sinpyeong-dong, Gyeongju / 054-745-7788
Daemyung Resort Gyeongju / Sinpyeong-dong, Gyeongju-si / 1588-4888
Gyeongju Kensington Resort / Bukgun-dong, Gyeongju / 054-748-8400
Bulguksa Youth Hostel / Jinhyeon-dong, Gyeongju-si / 054-746-0826


1.Nearby Restaurants

There are several hundreds of specialty shops around the specialty sweets.
Gyeongnam Restaurant 054-873-4859
Seoul Inn Restaurant 054-873-2177
Dalgi Yaksuchon 054-873-2662


Songso Gotaek in Cheongsong, North Gyeongsang Province is the largest ninety-nine mansion house among the largest private saga. It was founded in 1880 by Song So-Shim, Simho-Taek, the seventh generation of Shim Che-Dae, who enjoyed the wealth of the Joseon Dynasty. Most rooms such as Sarangchae, Haengrangchae, and Anchae open to the public. The daily accommodation fee (for 2 people) starts at 50,000 won.

Reservations and Inquiries, 054-874-6556, www.송소고택.kr
In addition, in Deokcheon Village, Songjeong Gotaek (054-873-6695) built by Sim Jeong-gwang, the second son of Shim Ho-taek, and Cheongbang Sim-taek (010-9502-7611), the chief of Shim-dang, the 9-year-old son of Eung Eun-gong of Cheongsong Sim Experience is possible. In winter, it is necessary to light the fire, so be sure to ask beforehand.

※ The above information was updated in April 2014, and may be changed later, so please check before you travel.
※ Information, such as text, photos, and videos used in this article, is copyrighted by the Korea Tourism Organization, and unauthorized use of the article is prohibited.